>b> Italian statesman Alcide De Gasperi (1881-1954) was one of the founders of Italian democracy after World War II.<
II Trentino. which brought him much attention, and in 1911 he was elected to the Austrian Parliament as a deputy for Trentino, a post he held for 6 years.
After the formal end of the monarchy in June 1946, De Gasperi served as head of the Christian Democrats, the party that dominated Parliament for the next 8 years. As Prime Minister, he gave a moderate orientation that maintained a precarious balance, during this critical post-war period, between disparate elements within the party and the nation. By avoiding conflicts with the numerous socialists and communists, he managed with great delicacy to put Italian democracy on a solid footing. In addition to his successful negotiations with the Allied Powers, his most remarkable achievement in foreign policy was the agreement with Austria (September 1946) to establish South Tyrol as an autonomous region.
Additional reading on Gasperi
Gasperi’s Alcide: The Long Apprenticeship (1965), covers his early life through his entry into Quirinale as Prime Minister. See Denis Mack Smith, Italy: The Modern History (1959), for the policy framework. English translations of Luigi Sturzo’s useful works are Church and State (1939), Italy and the Coming World (1945), and Italy and Fascism (1967).